Alloy 400 - UNS N04400
Alloy 400, also called Monel 400, is a Nickel-Copper alloy that is highly resistant to sea water and steam at high temperatures as well as to salt and caustic solutions.
Alloy 400 is a nickel-copper alloy with excellent corrosion resistance in a wide variety of media. Alloy 400 is characterized by good general corrosion resistance, good weldability and moderate to high strength. The alloy has been used in a variety of applications. It has excellent resistance to rapidly flowing brackish water or seawater. It is particularly resistant to hydrochloric and hydrofluoric acids when they are de-aerated. This alloy is slightly magnetic at room temperature. Alloy 400 is widely used in the chemical, oil and marine industries.
- Alloy 400 displays strong corrosion resistance in an extensive range of marine and chemical environments, including those containing pure water, nonoxidizing mineral acids, salts and alkalis.
- This alloy is more resistant than pure nickel under reducing conditions and more resistant than pure copper under oxidizing conditions.
- Alloy 400 displays good mechanical properties - even in environments with subzero temperatures up to about 480C.
- Alloy 400 shows good resistance to sulfuric and hydrofluoric acids. Aeration however will result in increased corrosion rates. This alloy may be used to handle hydrochloric acid, but the presence of oxidizing salts will greatly accelerate corrosive attack.
- Resistance to neutral alkaline and acid salts is shown in Alloy 400, but the alloy displays poor resistance with oxidizing acid salts ,such as ferric chloride.
- Alloy 400 has excellent resistance to chloride ion stress corrosion cracking.
- Feed water and steam generator tubing.
- Brine heaters, sea water scrubbers in tanker inert gas systems.
- Sulfuric acid and hydrofluoric acid alkylation plants.
- Pickling bat heating coils.
- Heat exchangers in a variety of industries.
- Transfer piping from oil refinery crude columns.
- Plant for the refining of uranium and isotope separation in the production of nuclear fuel.
- Pumps and valves used in the manufacture of perchlorethylene, chlorinated plastics.
- Monoethanolamine (MEA) reboiling tube.
- Cladding for the upper areas of oil refinery crude columns.
- Propeller and pump shafts.
Data referring to mechanical properties and chemical analyses are the result of tests performed on specimens obtained from specific locations of the products in accordance with prescribed sampling procedures; any warranty thereof is limited to the values obtained at such locations and by such procedures. There is no warranty with respect to values of the materials at other locations.
|Ultimate Tensile (ksi)||Yield Strength (ksi)||Elong. % in 2 in.|
HPA also does a full line of high strength Nickel based alloys.
The typical properties listed on page one can be provided in rounds, sheet, strip & plate. We have the equipment to produce small quantities in special sizes to meet our customers’ specific needs.
|Metal Type||UNS N04400|
|Bar||ASTM B164 QQ-N-281 Din 17750|
|Sheet||ASTM B127 QQ-N-281|
|Plate||ASTM B127 QQ-N-281|
|Weld Wire||FM 60/ ERNiCu-7/ 17753|
|Weld Electrode||FM 190 ENiCu-7|
Nickel and cobalt based alloys can be difficult to machinine. However, it should be emphasized that these alloys can be machined using conventional production methods at satisfactory rates. These alloys harden rapidly, generate high heat during cutting, weld to the cutting tool surface and offer high resistance to metal removal because of their high shear strengths. The following are key points which should be considered during machining operations:
- CAPACITY - Machine should be rigid and overpowered as much as possible.
- RIGIDITY - Work piece and tool should be held rigid. Minimize tool overhang.
- TOOL SHARPNESS - Make sure tools are sharp at all times. Change to sharpened tools at regular intervals rather than out of necessity. A 0.015 inch wear land is considered a dull tool.
- TOOLS - Use positive rake angle tools for most machining operations. Negative rake angle tools can be considered for intermittent cuts and heavy stock removal. Carbide-tipped tools are suggested for most applications. High speed tools can be used, with lower production rates, and are often recommended for intermittent cuts.
- POSITIVE CUTS - Use heavy, constant, feeds to maintain positive cutting action. If feed slows and the tool dwells in the cut, work hardening occurs, tool life deteriorates and close tolerances are impossible.
- LUBRICATION - lubricants are desirable. Soluble oils are recommended especially when using carbide tooling. Detailed machining parameters are presented Tables 16 and 17. General plasma cutting recommendations are presented in Table 18.